Industrial Symbiosis in India – Challenge or Opportunity? Learnings from a study of Naroda Industrial Estate, Gujarat

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dc.contributor.author Gokulram, A
dc.date.accessioned 2021-12-08T09:05:10Z
dc.date.available 2021-12-08T09:05:10Z
dc.date.issued 2021
dc.identifier.citation Gokulram, A. (2021). Industrial Symbiosis in India – Challenge or Opportunity? Learnings from a study of Naroda Industrial Estate, Gujarat. Anant National University. Ahmedabad, India. en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://localhost:8080/xmlui/handle/123456789/222
dc.description.abstract The evolution of the industrial ecosystem is connected with the availability of an adequate supply of raw materials and sustainable use. The rapid growth of industrial estates and their material flow problem provides a vantage point to survey the resource efficiency. Companies violating waste management rules is a perennial problem in the circumstances of fast-paced industrial development. It is much more challenging to attain a closed-loop material exchange system in an industrial estate – the limitation of the material exchange system is deeply connected with the lack of initial success in IS implementation and proper waste management activities. The study finds trust and cooperation among companies to influence successful industrial networking and material exchange activities. There were interactions among several company managers on the issues related to the environment, water pollution, waste management, infrastructure and event management of the industrial estate, which could lead to an environmentally favourable decision on exchanging waste materials for utilisation. The co-operative behaviour is also due to several informal interactions during commuting, events and casual engagements within company managers. In study examples and field research, we found that the collaborations with local waste dealers’ and their partnerships were important for the IS activity as local waste dealers could capture 78% of the waste materials from the manufacturing companies. The study finds a necessity for local partnerships with informal waste markets that foster economic and environmental benefit for disadvantaged communities. The benefits of closed-loop are achieved by IS in geographical proximity by information exchange, collaborations, and material match between diverse manufacturing companies’ inputs and outputs. Further, IS contributes to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG). Based on the study inferences, a relation is found between IS and SDG 8 (Decent work and economic growth) – Target 8.2, 8.3, 8.4; SDG 9 (Industry, innovation and infrastructure) – Target 9.4; and SDG 12 (Responsible production and consumption) – Target 12.4, 12.5, 12.6. The correlation of IS and SDG is reflected among the global and Indian IS study examples – (i) Kalundborg industrial symbiosis complex in Denmark is an important example of IS. Between 1985 and 2000, the symbiosis of by-products and energy includes refinery’s wastewater and cooling water to the power plant, steam from the power plant to gypsum board and solid waste (ash, sludge and biomass); (ii) The Guigang eco-industrial park sets another example on efficient resource utilisation. From 1950, the by-product exchanges taken place are sugar waste, paper and used chemicals through several companies; (iii) In India, the Nanjangud waste recovery study and Naroda Industrial Estate study showed promising attempts on IS implementation. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Anant National University en_US
dc.subject Sustainable Development Goals en_US
dc.title Industrial Symbiosis in India – Challenge or Opportunity? Learnings from a study of Naroda Industrial Estate, Gujarat en_US
dc.type Other en_US


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